7 Money Moves Every Teen Should Make
Last updated April 20, 2021
Learning how to manage your money is one of the most important life lessons. Figuring out how to build and maintain a solid financial future can seem like a daunting task, but with the right initial guidance, you can achieve success. Here are seven money moves you need to make right now!
1. Create a budget
Think of managing your budget like managing your social life. You wouldn’t make plans without making sure you were free first, right? The same rules apply when it comes to your money and why creating a budget is so important. A budget will help you keep track of how much money you have, what expenses you are required to pay, and will show you how much money you have left after you pay those expenses or if you have overspent. Creating a budget allows you to take control of your finances, encourages you to live within your means, and helps you achieve your financial goals! Need help creating your budget? Check out our step-by-step guide.
2. Open a checking account
Understanding the different types of bank accounts and how they work is critical to making smart decisions with your money. While there are several types of accounts to choose from, two of the most common accounts are a checking account and savings account. A checking account is a bank account for your everyday expenses. You can use it to make purchases and withdraw cash; have your paycheck deposited directly into it; and use it to pay bills. It’s a convenient way to quickly access your money, anytime, anywhere. Requirements for opening a checking account will vary based on the bank you choose, but keep in mind there are fees associated with a checking account if you don’t manage it properly. Review our Checking vs Savings overview to learn more.
3. Build your savings
A savings account is a great place to save your money for short-term and medium-term goals. Perhaps you want to save up for a vacation or keep money stashed away for an emergency. Savings accounts are not meant for everyday spending like checking accounts, instead they’re meant to help you put away money you don’t need to spend right away. Unlike checking accounts, many savings accounts earn interest, meaning the bank pays you money to keep your money in the bank (and who doesn’t love making free money)?
Now, you might think you don’t need a savings account (or a checking account) because you have CashApp, Venmo, or PayPal. Those apps are great for quickly sending and receiving money, but DO NOT LEAVE YOUR MONEY IN THOSE APPS! Put the money you want to spend into your checking account, and the money you want to save into a savings account so you can (1) Make more money over time, and (2) guarantee your money is safe. Why is this important? Because CashApp, Venmo, and PayPal are not banks, they are third-party apps that allow you to move money. They are not FDIC insured, which means if CashApp, Venmo, or PayPal ever go out of business, all the money you had in those accounts is gone! Never to be seen again. Checking accounts and savings accounts are FDIC insured, so if your bank went out of business, your money is insured up to $250,000.
4. Know your credit score and understand why it’s important
A credit score is a three-digit number, typically on a scale of 300 to 850, that estimates how likely you are to repay borrowed money (credit cards, department store cards, car payments, etc). This number is important because it not only determines how much credit you can borrow, it determines much it will cost for you to pay back the money you’ve borrowed.
People with high credit scores (720+) have better repayment options, such as low payments with low interest rates and access to better financial services and opportunities. People with low credit scores are often given terrible credit options, such as high monthly payments and high interest rates, which makes it incredibly difficult (and more expensive) to pay back the money you borrowed. Additionally, having a low credit score can keep you from being approved for credit cards, car loans, renting an apartment, buying a house, or getting a job in some states. Your credit score will have a major impact on your life, so take the time to truly know and understand your credit score. There are several factors that determine how your credit score is calculated and what a “good” or “bad” credit score is. Check out our guide to learn more.
5. Learn how to use credit cards wisely
Credit cards allow you to borrow money from a bank to buy things and are a powerful tool to help you build your credit (when used wisely). But using a credit card should not be taken lightly; there are several fees associated with credit cards and if you don’t use them responsibly, you can ruin your credit and your financial future. Your credit score largely determines what type of card you are eligible for and how much interest you will pay if you use the card (which is why you want to work hard to keep your credit score high). To learn more about how to use credit cards wisely, head here.
6. Understand how debt works and how it can affect your life
At some point in your life, you will want (or may need) to make a purchase that you don’t have enough money to pay for in full; such as an emergency expense, a down payment for a car, a vacation, or your education. In order to pay for that purchase, you will need to borrow money from a bank, credit card provider, or another type of lender. This means you are going into debt because you are purchasing something with money that isn’t actually yours that you will have to pay back. Oftentimes, when you borrow money and go into debt, not only do you have to pay back the amount you borrowed, but you will have to pay off all of the interest that accrues on your loan. This means you will end up paying back more money than you spent to make the purchase.
The amount you pay in interest will largely depend on your credit score as we mentioned earlier. People with high credit scores usually receive low interest rates (sometimes no interest at all), while people with low credit scores get high interest rates, meaning they pay so much more than the amount they originally borrowed. Before reaching for your credit card, applying for store credit, or taking on student loans, be sure you fully understand how this purchase will impact your financial future and that you have a solid repayment plan. Managing your debt can be tricky, but it’s not impossible to do. Learn about the different types of debt and the ways to manage debt wisely by checking out our good debt vs bad debt guide.
7. Invest in your future
It’s never too early to start investing in your future. Making wise investment decisions can help you build wealth and reach your long-term financial goals faster. When it comes to investing, there are a number of great ways to get started! The most common investments for teens include custodial accounts, college savings plans, and retirement accounts. The great news is that you don’t need a bunch of money to get started and being young is a huge advantage when it comes to investing. Thanks to the magic of compound interest, making small (but smart) contributions at an early age can add up to a bigger impact later. Good investing is about time in the market, not timing the market, so don’t get caught up in the latest trends because you believe it will make you rich overnight; choose reputable investment companies such as Charles Schwab, TD Ameritrade, and other companies that focus on long-term returns.
But investing isn’t just about buying stocks or putting your money in savings accounts. Investing can also mean buying items that will last longer over things you might only use for a little while. Here are a few examples: purchasing better quality clothes and shoes; using a water filter over buying single-use plastic bottles; and buying items in bulk over singles, which saves you money. All of these are investments, too.
Now that you know the seven money moves any young person should make, it’s time to get started! Let us know what money moves you are starting with by texting “#HELLO” to 33-55-77 and don’t forget to check out our free financial literacy resources by heading to GetSchooled.com